Selected isokinetic tests in knee injury prevention M Grygorowicz, J Kubacki, W Pilis, K Gieremek, R Rzepka Biol Sport 2010; 27(1):47-51 ICID: 907793
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 9.38
Abstract provided by Publisher
Ensuing from isokinetic measurements, the conventional Hcon/Qcon ratio of muscle balance is used as an index for comparing proper relations between the values of strength of knee flexors and extensor muscle. Its abnormal values might indicate pathology of the musculotendinous complex. The aim of the study was to present the possibility of using this ratio as one of the objective identifiers enabling the assessment of knee injury risk in sports. All participants (n=48) were divided into 3 groups: group A (n=16, healthy competitors), group B (n=16, athletes with minor injuries), group C (n=16, competitors with serious injuries), depending on the degree of knee injury. All subjects performed an isokinetic test for knee extensors and flexors at angular velocities of 60/s and 120/s. Average peak torque (APT) value of knee flexors and extensors, and the value of Hcon/Qcon ratio was analyzed. Both values were calculated in relation to body mass (Nm/kg). Bilateral comparison of isokinetic test parameters confirmed the decrease of quadriceps muscle strength values for the injured extremity in groups B and C. Statistically significant difference was noted for Hcon/Qcon ratio between group A and C, as well as B and C. Hence, the value of conventional Hcon/Qcon ratio can be used for the prevention of sports related injuries.